Together with the city of Lviv, Chernivtsy is viewed at present to be a cultural center of western Ukraine. The city is also considered one of modern Ukraine's greatest cultural, educational and architectural centers. Historically a cosmopolitan cultural center, Chernivtsy was even dubbed 'Little Vienna' and 'Jerusalem upon the Prut'. Chernivtsy is currently twinned with seven other cities around the world. The city is a major regional rail and road transportation hub, also housing an international airport.
Aside from its Ukrainian name Chernivtsy, the city is also known by many different names in various languages, which still are used by the respective populations much as they used to be throughout the city's history: Romanian: Cernăuți; German: Czernowitz; Polish: Czerniowce; Hungarian: Csernovic, Russian: Черновцы́ (Chernovtsy - until 1944: Чернови́цы (Chernovitsy)). In the times of Halych-Volyn Principality the city's name was Chern.
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